Dental, gum and mouth care is the only way to prevent both caries and gum disease. By brushing your teeth, you remove food deposits, plaque and bacteria from the surface of the teeth, which are direct causes of dental caries. Although brushing your teeth is a simple procedure, most people do it incorrectly.Proper tooth brushing technique The brush is placed on the outside of the tooth, horizontally in relation to one side of the upper jaw and at an angle of 45 ° to the axis of the tooth. With light movements, the brush rotates downwards. One such series should cover 2 to 3 teeth and repeat the movements at least 8 times. Move the brush towards the opposite side of the jaw and thus clean the outer sides of all upper teeth.After cleaning the outside, place the brush on the inside and clean those surfaces with the same movements (turning down for the upper teeth and up for the lower teeth).Finally, the biting surfaces of all teeth should be cleaned. This is achieved by moving backwards. At this stage, the upper side of the tongue should also be washed.Dental care for children When it comes to the age of two or three, it is recommended to brush your teeth in the morning and in the evening, before going to bed, with a toothbrush and toothpaste appropriate for your age. It is very important that, if possible, the third brushing of the teeth is included - during the stay in the kindergarten, more precisely after lunch. Nutrition is also very important - it must be rich in meat, vegetables and fruits. We must not allow the child to replace the intake of water throughout the day with very sweet and harmful juices, because they contain strong sugars, responsible for the development of caries.Dental care for babies While the baby has no teeth, it is best to perform hygiene by wiping the gums with a piece of sterile gauze (5x5cm) wrapped around the index finger and moistened with saline. As the child grows, starts to sit, walk and start eating on his own or with the help of his parents, more complex and sugar-rich foods, it is important to brush your teeth twice a day, thus protecting your tooth enamel from possible damage. After the first year, the child only needs to brush his teeth through play, with supervision, control and some assistance from his parents. Oral and dental hygiene is very important for the first deciduous teeth, because only with hygiene can we keep them healthy until permanent teeth fall out and erupt.What causes tooth decay and how to prevent it? Tooth decay is the result of infection with certain types of bacteria in the oral cavity. These pathogenic bacteria use sugars in food to create acids. Over time, the acids erode all the layers of the tooth, to the root - as a result of which they create a cavity in the tooth.A bright smile makes you not only feel safer - but healthy teeth and gums are key to your overall health.Tooth and gum disease increase the level of inflammation in your body. They may be associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and a higher chance of complications from diabetes.Tooth decay - What causes this problem? Your teeth consist of four main layers. The enamel on the outside provides a hard, protective surface for chewing and biting food. Dentin, a softer layer, lies beneath the enamel. These upper layers protect the pulp below, which is the area that contains nerves and blood. At the very base of the tooth is the root. Tooth decay affects each of these layers, eventually to the roots. This can cause discomfort and eventually severe pain.Plaque or dental plaque is a sticky, colorless film on the tooth surface. It is a combination of bacteria, saliva, acid and food particles. Bacteria in the mouth create acid that attacks the teeth, especially when you eat sweet foods or sugars.What are the symptoms of tooth decay?Tooth sensitivity Toothache and jaw pain Visible cavity on teeth Bad breath Black or white stains on teeth Tooth discoloration How to prevent and stop tooth decay? Minerals in our saliva (such as calcium and phosphate), plus fluoride from toothpaste, water and other sources - are the first line of prevention and treatment of tooth decay. This "team" of minerals helps the enamel repair itself by replacing the minerals lost during the "acid attack".Gum swelling - why does it occur and how to solve it? The gums are the part of the mucous membrane in the oral cavity that surrounds each tooth. Healthy gums are light pink, without swelling and without bleeding. If there is swelling of the gums around the teeth, redness, bleeding, pus or pain, then we are talking about gingivitisSwelling of the gums in the root part of the tooth Inflammation of the nerve inside a tooth can lead to swelling of the gums in the area of ​​that tooth. This swelling can be larger and in some cases can become visible on the outside of the face. Pain and redness often occur with this swelling. There is another type of smaller swelling that is clearly localized, reminiscent of a slightly larger pimple and is called a fistula. When there is an inflammatory process at the top of the tooth root, a fistula can form in that part of the gums. It represents the communication of the inflammation with the external environment, and at that place the inflammation is actually emptied, and therefore there is no large swelling that is visible from the outside. It can often be seen b