Sweating is a natural process of regulating body temperature, and no matter how uncomfortable it is, sweating is a very important physiological process for a person. When we are physically active, when we run or when the weather is warm, we sweat. Sweating can also occur when we are emotionally affected by professional or personal stressful situations, such as a job interview, public presentations, or exams. Sweating can also be caused by hormonal changes related to puberty and menopause.
WHY WE SWEAT
The sweat glands are responsible for secreting the fluid we call sweat. On average, we have 2 to 5 million sweat glands throughout our body, most often spread under the armpits, around the head, on the palms and soles of the feet. They produce an average of about half a liter of sweat per day, while at higher temperatures they can produce up to five liters of sweat per day.
We find them in two forms: eccrine and apocrine sweat glands.
The eccrine glands are responsible for the physiological functions of regulating body temperature and eliminating toxins. These glands can produce excessive amounts of sweat in conditions of fear, anger, sadness, physical pain, shame, stress and heavy physical exercise.
The apocrine glands, on the other hand, respond exclusively to stimuli from the nervous system (involuntarily) and hormones.
Sweat is odorless until it comes in contact with bacteria on the skin. Bacteria metabolize certain compounds (lipids and proteins) that are found in sweat, and as a result, an unpleasant body odor develops. Skin that is constantly moist is an ideal place for bacteria and fungi to multiply.
Sweating under the armpit becomes excessive when the eccrine glands are stimulated by fear, heat, sadness, anger, stress, emotional reasons or heavy physical exercise. It is also, although rarely, caused by excessive stimulation of the apocrine glands due to hormonal dysfunction or disorders of the nervous system.
Excessive sweating in medicine is called hyperhidrosis, which is a disease that affects 5% of the adult population.
Showing 1 to 3 of 3 (1 Pages)